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Eleanor Warren-Thomas is a research fellow at Bangor University, Wales, who has studied the dynamics of rubber plantations. Then the pandemic care good. But rubber soon bounced back. As they came out of lockdown, Chinese Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA bought huge numbers of new cars, thanks to fears around the safety of public transport. Similar patterns are expected globally.

And the factories which process rubber into usable products stopped for several months during the spring last year. But the bigger issue is that shortages are the result of deep structural problems that aren't easy to fix. That has spurred the hunt for emergency measures that can save us from a rubber crisis. The obvious answer might be to plant more rubber trees. And once the rubber shortage begins to bite and prices climb, farmers will be incentivised to clear tropical rainforest Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA plant more rubber.

Although palm oil plantations have received far more attention, rubber plantations can be just as bad for biodiversity loss, according to Warren-Thomas. A spike in prices driven by growing demand in China in 2011 led to massive deforestation in Southeast Asia as governments released forested land Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA development to cash in on the trend.

In Cambodia alone, rubber plantations were responsible for a quarter of all deforestation. We could try to squeeze more rubber out of existing plantations. The immediate pain could be alleviated with existing trees. But too much of this agent can kill the trees, making some farmers Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA to use it. Another option is to forgo Hevea brasiliensis altogether. Ohio State University is part of the programme of excellence in natural rubber alternatives (PENRA), an Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA partnership dedicated to averting the looming crisis.

There, Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA are exploring plants which might step in to replace the rubber tree. One of the plants under investigation is Taraxacum kok-saghyz, a small weedy plant cultivated by the Russians when the supply of Asian rubber was threatened during World War Two (the USA also experimented with it as an emergency rubber crop).

But it is ready to harvest in three months, and produces large amounts of seeds, making leader style easy to replant and scale up production. Last year, the German research institute Fraunhofer ISC unveiled a tyre named Biskya, from the German abbreviation for Biomimetic Synthetic Rubber.

Made from dandelion rubber, zn cu company claims it has superior resistance to wear and tear than typical rubber. Under their system, the sap filled dandelion roots can be harvested five times a year.

Also attracting interest is guayule (pronounced wai-oolie), a woody shrub that grows in the deserts that border the US and Mexico. Starved of rubber during World War Two, the USA briefly pressed guayule into production. While it's chemically similar to natural rubber, it doesn't contain the proteins which cause latex allergies. The shrub takes two years to produce its first crop, but can be pollarded (pruning the upper branches) and moved to an annual harvest after that.

With the end of the war, however, the programme was abandoned as cheap Asian rubber came back onto the market. Today, only two companies produce rubber commercially from guayule, including Yulex, which offers a part-guayule wetsuit through clothing company Patagonia. Tyre manufacturer Bridgestone maintains a 114 hectare (0. It Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA assisted by Italian oil giant Eni, which maintains a guayule test plot in Sicily.

The urgency to scale up these tentative efforts will only get more acute. Global demand for natural rubber will keep increasing, especially as developing nations grow wealthier. There are Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA of change: many of the large buyers of rubber including Bridgestone, Continental and Goodyear have signed up to the Global Platform for Sustainable Natural Rubber, which forbids buying rubber grown on recently deforested land.

Meyer is now campaigning to introduce a fixed minimum price for rubber. Like Fair Trade schemes for coffee and cocoa, this would guarantee the livelihoods of smallholders in developing nations, and help to ensure Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA supply of rubber was more robust. Ultimately further deforestation for these cash crops is bad news for climate, bad news for biodiversity, bad news for people, and needs to be thought about carefully indeed.

Arizona alone has over three million hectares (11,600 sq miles) of desert land suitable for growing guayule. Cornish says the rubber crisis is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to attract investment into these alternatives. I am determined to get this established before I die. We've got to get it to pharmaceutics journal. The Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA to the developed world if the crop fails are unthinkable.

Join one million Future fans DigiFab (Ovine Lyophilized Powder for Intravenous Injection)- FDA liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter or Instagram. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife, and Travel, delivered Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA your inbox every Friday. You might also like to read: How we can go palm oil free Why the world is running out of sand The dead zones holding great riches But how has Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA an important commodity fallen into such peril in the first place.

Low prices Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA farmers to over-tap their trees to obtain more rubber, weakening the plants and making them more susceptible to diseaseThis situation further jeopardises the supply of rubber.

One of the plants under investigation is Taraxacum kok-saghyz, a small weedy plant cultivated by Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Acetaminophen (Norco 5/325)- Multum Russians when the supply of Asian rubber was threatened during World War TwoAnother option is Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA forgo Hevea brasiliensis Fostemsavir Extended-release Tablets (Rukobia)- FDA. Share using EmailShareAround the BBCExplore the BBCHomeNewsSportWeatheriPlayerSoundsCBBCCBeebiesFoodBitesizeArtsTasterLocalThreewindow.

SNR-i guidance and self-declaration documents now available in Portuguese09 Feb 2018 About Us The International Rubber Study Group (IRSG) is an inter-governmental organisation composed of rubber producing and consuming stakeholders.

Located in Singapore, IRSG was established in 1944. Web Design by JustSimple SNR-i guidance and self-declaration documents now available in Portuguese09 Feb 2018SNR-i update - Q3 201719 Oct 2017SNR-i registration update - 201621 Dec 2016For Earlier News Items please click here.

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